Candidiasis of skin - the main symptoms:
Skin Candidiasis - a disease of an infectious nature that develops as a result of destruction of certain areas of the skin yeast fungi of the genus Candida. With such a pathology, as skin candidiasis, many people face. The disease is caused by fungi of the genus of Candida, which are actively developing on the skin or mucous membranes, causing one or the other symptoms. Forms and Causes Symptoms Diagnosis Treatment Features
Hundreds of fungus species inhabit both the human body and the surrounding objects - In the soil, animal hair, food products, etc. Therefore, contamination can occur very different way, with amazing fungus both adults and children, regardless of floor.
There are several major forms of candidiasis, which depend on the location of the fungus is:
In addition, there is a generalized form, in which the fungus spreads through the bloodstream throughout the body, affecting different organs. Often generalized candidiasis has a chronic course.
Fungi of the genus Candida are categorized as opportunistic pathogens as normally found in small amounts on the skin and mucous membranes of man. However, they may not be actively developed with normally functioning immune and do not cause any harm. But when immunity declines, their active development begins with the appearance of certain symptoms, which depends on the location of the skin or mucous lesions fungi.
The reasons for the decrease in the body's protective functions can be varied among the main should be noted:
excessive sweating and skin microtrauma or mucous membranes;
prolonged or frequent reception of antibiotics broad-spectrum drugs;
long reception of hormonal contraceptives;
incorrect and unbalanced diet;
Regular stress and psychological stress;
such diseases as diabetes mellitus or presence in the body of latent infections (mycoplasma, chlamydia).
Separately, it should be said about the risk of disease among women of this pathology during pregnancy. Most often affects women in the third trimester, when the protective function of the body quite weak. In this pathology in the pregnant woman is the cause of the infection of the baby during labor - 70% of children with candidiasis skin or mucous membranes are born to mothers with vaginal candidiasis.
And yet candidiasis is twice more common in those people who abuse the sweet.
Forms and symptoms
Yeast paronychia - a disease that can go hand in hand with the palms and interdigital candidiasis candidiasis. It is characterized by inflammation of the nail ridges, which in appearance edematous and hyperemic, and with pressure from under them is purulent exudate. Usually this form of candidiasis provoking spread of the infection in the nail plate, which is why developing candidiasis of nails, with pathology occurs as the hands and legs.
Balanoposthitis - fungal infection of the penis in men. It is characterized by a slight reddening and formation of a white krupinchatogo plaque that man can not be noticed. Small bubbles sometimes occur on the penis or the entire surface, as well as fast healing erosions.
Vaginal candidiasis - the most common fungal infection pill Diflucan faced by women of any age. It is characterized by the following symptoms:
itching and burning sensation in the vagina;
by pain at rest and during sexual intercourse;
the presence of white cheesy discharge is odorless;
swelling of the external genitalia.
There are other types of such fungal infections of the skin and mucous membranes. For example, it may be a fungal angina, which by its clinical manifestations are similar to normal follicular or purulent angina, candidiasis smooth skin, fungal infection of nails on the hands and feet, nipple damage (especially in nursing women) and so on.
Diagnosis of the disease was based on a visual examination of the patient, as well as taking scrapings from the lesions for laboratory diagnostics space. The scrapings found a particular type of fungus, and in addition, such an analysis allows you to set the sensitivity of microorganisms to certain antifungal drugs, which allows you to choose the best treatment option for children or adults.
Needless to say that in the case kandidoallergii (another fungal diseases), in microscopic analysis of fungi are not determined, since this is a common pathological reaction to the failure of another fungus body or skin.