Varied diet enrich the intestinal microbiome
In an article published in "Molecular Metabolism" journal, the scientists describe how health is threatened, when we reduce the variety of nutrients in our diet, because it has an impact on the population and the diversity of our intestinal microbial flora. Mark Heyman and Frank Greenaway explains that over the last 50 years, at the expense of agro-biodiversity, decreased the diversity of the human diet.
More and more studies reveal important roles large colonies of bacteria and other microbes that live in the gastrointestinal tract and play roles in health and disease. Healthy people, as the authors note, have a wide range of different types of microorganisms called intestinal microbiome. Many of our 21st century diseases such as diabetes, obesity and inflammatory bowel disease associated with the reduction of this wealth.
Microbes whose cells are superior to our own, we can assume that the individual body, with which we coexist. In addition, the microbe produces unique compounds that transmit signals that are important for the metabolism of the body that occur inside our cells.
This implies if a varied diet becomes more specialized, then over time it will change the intestinal bacteria. In fact, after a change in diet it takes a few days to change the microbial population in the gut. If we stick to the diet, which excludes certain types of food, we worsen the microbiome diversity.
On the wealth of species diversity microbiome affects not only the availability of nutrients, but also a wealth of different types of signals between the intestine and the rest of the body, which may affect the health and disease. One example is a compound of phosphatidylcholine, which have abundantly in foods such as shellfish, eggs, milk, red meat and poultry. Intestinal bacteria convert it to the compound of trimethylamine (TMA). It is oxidized to form another compound called trimethylamine-N-oxide (TMAO), which is associated with atherosclerosis.
Meaning mikrobiomnogo diversity can not be overstated; microbes produce a huge range of molecules to our body. If this range is increased, we have a wide range of physiological responses, which allows us to easily adapt. In the future, adults seeking treatment for obesity, can be screened for a variety of mikrobiomnoe to correct diet use Xenical.