Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted disease of an infectious nature, which is characterized by mucous urogenital organs, the mouth, eyes and rectum. Striking this disease, both male and female population, so the symptoms of gonorrhea for each of them are different.
The causes of the disease
The main causative agent of gonorrhea - gonococcus. Dispatched by this disease through sexual contact, but usually after casual sex without using a condom. Infected with gonorrhea can and in various forms of sexual intercourse:
during normal sexual intercourse
upon contact of the genitals
There are times when infection occurs through everyday, for example, through household items, namely through the bed and underwear, towel, washcloth, and more. This way of infection is usually peculiar to women.
The child may develop the disease from mother suffering gonorrhea during childbirth. Besides damage to apply and the mucous membranes of the eyes.
Symptoms of the disease
The incubation period of gonorrhea can be from 1 to 15 days. Typically, the first symptoms of gonorrhea are beginning to emerge after 3-5 days of field as there was an infection.
Symptoms of gonorrhea in men
How does gonorrhea? Acute urethritis - is the most common symptom of the disease in men. The incubation period is 2-7 days, but there were times that it lasted longer. The main symptoms of gonorrhea in men drugs Amoxil - is scarce and dysuria and mucous discharge from the urethra.
First release scarce and mucous membranes, but after 2-3 days they become purulent and abundant. Presented presentation and serve as the main difference between gonococcal urethritis and non-gonococcal that cause chlamydia.
If a man has been asymptomatic urethritis, his body was the main venue for the spread of infection. Also, those men who did not realize in time the treatment of the disease, are at great risk of developing complications.
When the disease is in an advanced stage, it becomes chronic. Symptoms of chronic gonorrhea is characterized by a weak sense of burning and low emission.
Symptoms of gonorrhea in women
Symptoms of gonorrhea in women varied and include:
Gonococcal cervicitis common disease transmitted through sexual contact. Infection in women is not only gonococci, but chlamydia and other organisms. The main symptoms of gonorrhea in women - vaginal discharge and dysuria. Presented symptoms are observed for 10 days and are very intense and acute. Also can develop complications such as pain in the side or abdomen.
Gonococcal vaginitis. When the first symptoms of gonococcal vaginitis occur each inspection is a very painful procedure. The mucous membrane of the vagina becomes edematous and red, there are copious purulent discharge.
Anorectal gonorrhea. Due to the anatomical features of the body structure of women the infection can affect the rectum area. As a rule, these cases relate to the cervicitis, and when the rectum is the only place affected by bacteria, is extremely small.
Signs of the disease in pregnant women and newborns
The emergence of gonococcal infections during gestation can cause serious complications in the body of the mother and baby. Therefore, should not be delayed, since it is only in the case of timely detection and neutralization of infection, you can avoid certain complications. Without specific symptoms develop pharyngeal infection which is common during pregnancy. When the infection is acquired later in pregnancy, it may affect the baby's birth and status. The most frequent complications of maternal gonococcal infection include:
prolonged membrane rupture;
horioamniotit and sepsis in newborns;
Risks to the baby include the possibility of sudden abortion, fetal death and preterm delivery.
The most common form of gonorrhea in newborns considered ophthalmia neonatorum. It can arise during passage of the baby through the birth canal and in contact with infected secretions. That is why the infection is required to be presented immediately ruled out in various lesions of the eye of the baby. In this situation, additional precautions are not redundant.
Approximately 70% of women with active disease, not observed at the symptoms of gonorrhea. If the disease is in an advanced stage, the women and men there is a change of genitals, which are often the cause of infertility and the appearance of the other complications. Also, the disease adversely affects the other organs: heart, liver, skin, kidney, brain, joints, and promotes blood poisoning.
Complications of the disease
Once in the human body, gonococci start hitting the mucous membranes of the urethra and anus of the cervix, causing purulent inflammation occurs.
If the infection is not treated in time, it can spread among women in the fallopian tubes, uterus, pelvic cavity. In men, for this reason, the defeat of ovarian adnexal applied.
Also, the disease can cause ectopic pregnancy, the development of adhesions in the abdominal area and persistent infertility in both women and men. There may be complications such as inflammation of the rectum. Very rarely there are serious complications such as heart failure, brain and blood vessels. If there was an infection of the newborn child from the mother during labor, then the baby may experience inflammation of the conjunctiva of the eye and blindness development.