Bilateral pneumonia: Symptoms and Treatment
Bilateral pneumonia in an adult or child is sufficiently severe lung pathology, at which both lungs defeat. Inflammation develops because of exposure to the bacteria, most commonly pneumococci, and runs very hard, and the complications of this disease can cause death of a person.
Ill this severe pathology can people of any age, but most often the disease occurs in infants who have not yet formed the immune system and the body are not able to fight off infection penetrated inside.
As I mentioned above, the main causative agent - pneumococcal infection which can get into the body by airborne droplets. Nevertheless, other pathogens can cause disease, such as streptococcus or Haemophilus influenzae.
And in some cases infection occurs by several bacteria, and then treatment with antibiotics does not give the desired effect, because some bacteria are destroyed, while others continue to actively proliferate.
The development of the disease against a background of reduced immunity, so often the disease occurs in newborns, people exposed to stress, those with chronic diseases of internal organs, diabetes and other hormonal disorders.
Factors causing the disease in children and adults, can be:
other lung diseases;
wrong daily routine;
In medical practice, bilateral pneumonia are classified according to various criteria. The main criterion is the location of the inflammatory foci, given that secrete several kinds of pneumonia:
The total is less common than alopecia, and is characterized by severe clinical picture and the rapid progression of the inflammatory process. The process involved in this form of the two lungs in full, so very quickly comes respiratory failure and death.
Alopecia bilateral pneumonia - a disease that is more common. When it comes the defeat of certain segments of the light from two sides. Often focal Use Amoxil pneumonia is a consequence of mechanical ventilation for a long time, so common in people who are in intensive care unit (a complication). Unfortunately, the prognosis of such diseases as focal pneumonia in the lungs on both sides, has a poor prognosis, since in both lungs are affected numerous areas.
If we consider the classification of pneumonia in view of a segment of the body is affected, we can distinguish these types of pneumonia, such as:
bilateral lobar pneumonia;
The most severe course has polysegmental form of inflammation in both lungs. This inflammation runs hard, with symptoms of severe intoxication, and therefore its treatment should be started as early as possible, as quickly polysegmental pneumonia leads to respiratory failure and death of the patient.
The most severe complication of diseases such as pneumonia polysegmental is immediate type hypersensitivity (GNT), which is common in children, and leads to a rapid pulmonary edema with impaired respiratory function and the extremely serious condition of the child.
Also it is necessary to distinguish two forms of bilateral pneumonia, depending on the severity of the disease. The first form is called the "red hepatization stage", the second - the "gray hepatization stage." Accordingly, in a first step inflamed alveolar acini, and in them there is slight bleeding, makes the fabric light reddish tint. Hence the name of this stage of the disease.
In the second stage the affected area covered with fibrin, which is why acquiring a grayish hue, then respiratory failure and death occurs. Therefore, treatment of pneumonia should be started as soon as possible, until the disease progresses.
Depending on the nature of the inflammatory process, and allocated catarrhal purulent bilateral pneumonia. Besides pathology can be acute or sub acute. The acute form of pneumonia always occurs with severe clinical symptoms and the patient requires immediate treatment. Subacute form has less pronounced symptoms and consequences are not as severe as acute. However, treatment of this disease also must be timely, in order to avoid complications.